Ingredient Dictionary

Ingredient Dictionary

Nu Skin’s Ingredient Dictionary supports our commitment to transparency, sustainability, and using only the best of science and nature.

INCI Name Definition
1,2-Hexanediol 1,2-Hexanediol is a synthetic ingredient with moisturizing properties. This ingredient is a solvent to help incorporate other ingredients into a formulation. 1,2-Hexanediol may also bring a soft, smooth touch to the product formulation.

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Acanthopanax Senticosus (Eleuthero) Root Extract Siberian Ginseng (Acanthopanax Senticosus Root Extract) thrives in its native habitats of East Asia, China, Japan, and Russia. It’s widely tolerant of many different soils, including sandy, loamy, and heavy clay. Siberian Ginseng is also tolerant of acidic, neutral, and alkaline soil chemistry.
Acrylates Copolymer An ingredient of synthetic origin, Acrylates Copolymer is a film-forming polymer. Acrylates Copolymer is an emollient that helps to condition the skin.
Acrylates/C10-30 Alkyl Acrylate Crosspolymer Acrylates/C10-30 Alkyl Acrylate Crosspolymer is sourced from synthetic materials. Primarily used as a thickening agent, it can also enhance the texture in a formula and stabilize emulsions.
Agave Americana Stem Extract Agave Americana Stem Extract is an ingredient used to calm and soothe skin. The plant Agave Americana originates from and thrives in the hot desert, primarily Mexico. Agave Extract is rich in vitamins. A skin-conditioning agent, Agave Extract adds hydration to the skin, which results in bouncier, healthier-looking, smoother skin.
Alanine An ingredient of synthetic origin, Alanine improves skin hydration by balancing moisture levels. Primarily used as a skin- and hair-conditioning agent, Alanine helps the skin and hair look and feel smoother.
Albizia Julibrissin Bark Extract Commonly known as Persian Silk Tree Bark Extract, Albizia Julibrissin Bark Extract is from the Mimosa or Silk Tree. This plant is native to Asia in regions spanning from Iran to Japan. Albizia Julibrissin Bark Extract’s anti-aging properties result in energized, more youthful-looking skin. Albizia Julibrissin Bark Extract can also visibly improve skin appearance by firming, reducing lines and wrinkles, and decreasing puffiness and dark circles around the eye area.
Algin Algin is a natural ingredient sourced from Brown Seaweed. Algin is a polysaccharide that can enhance a product’s texture. As a thickening agent, Algin provides a gel-like consistency, which spreads well on the skin.
Allantoin Allantoin is sourced synthetically. Allantoin protects and aids in conditioning the skin by soothing and calming the skin. Allantoin works by retaining moisture, increasing the skin’s hydration level.
Aloe Barbadensis Flower Extract Aloe Barbadensis Flower Extract is sourced from the plant Aloe Barbadensis. This ingredient's key functions are to provide hydration, reduce flaking, and improve dry skin appearance. This conditioning agent restores the skin to a supple state. Many countries have used it as an herbal medicine for its visible rejuvenating or soothing properties.
Aloe Barbadensis Leaf Juice Aloe Barbadensis Leaf Juice is plant sourced from the commonly known Aloe Vera plant. Ancient Egyptians referred to Aloe Vera as the "plant of immortality" because of its ability to soothe skin and improve its appearance. Aloe contains eight amino acids that cannot be produced naturally, which benefit the body. It provides 20 of the 22 human required amino acids and seven of the eight essential amino acids. A vitamin-rich ingredient, aloe contains vitamin A, B12, C, E, choline, and folic acid. The skin readily absorbs aloe. This characteristic helps ensure the absorption of vitamins and amino acids found in the ingredient.
Alanine An ingredient of synthetic origin, Alanine improves skin hydration by balancing moisture levels. Primarily used as a skin- and hair-conditioning agent, Alanine helps the skin and hair look and feel smoother.
Althaea Rosea Flower Extract Althaea Rosea Flower Extract is sourced from the common Hollyhock plant. Althaea Rosea Flower Extract provides antioxidants to protect the skin from free radicals. This ingredient can function as an overall calming ingredient for dry skin. Althaea Rosea Flower Extract's moisturizing, conditioning, and soothing properties help provide an overall enhanced skin appearance.
Aminomethyl Propanol Aminomethyl Propanol is a synthetic ingredient used to adjust the pH in cosmetic products.
Ammonium Acryloyldimethyltaurate/VP Copolymer Ammonium Acryloyldimethyltaurate/VP Copolymer is a synthetic polymer and a film-forming agent. This ingredient increases the viscosity of products, creating a gel-like texture that provides a good skin feel.
Anthemis Nobilis Flower Oil Anthemis Nobilis Flower Oil is sourced from the commonly known chamomile flower. The chamomile flower is native to western Europe and North Africa. Anthemis Nobilis Flower Oil soothes, hydrates, and moisturizes the skin as a calming and soothing ingredient. Chamomile can be used as part of a fragrance profile or add a natural scent to a formula.
Arginine Although Arginine can be sourced from animals, Nu Skin ensures to source Arginine synthetically. Arginine is a semi-essential amino acid that protects the skin and hair from photoaging. Arginine also helps nourish the skin and scalp.
Artemisia Vulgaris Extract Artemisia Vulgaris Extract is an extract from the Mugwort plant native to Europe and eastern Asia. Historically, Mugwort is a medicinal herb. Artemisia Vulgaris Extract is a calming ingredient containing amino acids that help reduce the appearance of discoloration and visible agitation. Mugwort is a soothing ingredient that targets dry, damaged areas on the skin to improve its appearance and feel.
Aspartic Acid Aspartic acid is a non-essential amino acid. Although it can be sourced from animals, Nu Skin chooses to use a synthetically sourced Aspartic Acid. A hair- and skin-conditioning agent, Aspartic Acid holds moisture with its unique chemical structure to help keep hair and skin hydrated.

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Batyl Alcohol Nu Skin chooses to use a synthetically sourced Batyl Alcohol. Batyl Alcohol is a fatty alcohol, which means that this ingredient is fat-soluble. Even though Batyl Alcohol is an alcohol, it has moisturizing properties because it prevents water loss. Batyl Alcohol forms a film across the skin to condition dry and agitated skin. Batyl Alcohol can also act as an emulsifier, which helps keep the formula stable.
Benzoic Acid Benzoic acid is a synthetic ingredient with varying functions in products. Benzoic acid can play the role of pH adjuster and/or preservative. It is not uncommon to find Benzoic Acid used as an antifungal in a preservative system.
Biosaccharide Gum-1 Biosaccharide Gum-1 is sourced from plants and synthetically. When sourced from plants, Biosaccharide Gum-1 is derived from Sorbitol, a sweet substance found in fruits, through a fermentation process. Biosaccharide Gum-1 is a moisturizing skin ingredient. Biosaccharide Gum-1 works by forming a film on the skin that binds water to the skin surface. This ingredient creates soft, smooth feeling skin.
Bisabolol Bisabolol is an ingredient sourced synthetically and from plants. Plant-based Bisabolol is sourced primarily from German Chamomile or the South American Candeia Tree. Bisabolol is a soothing ingredient that can help reduce flaking and helps improve the skin's appearance. Bisabolol can complement the skin's nighttime repair process.
Butyl Methoxydibenzoylmethane Butyl Methoxydibenzoylmethane, commonly known as Avobenzone, is a synthetic ingredient. Butyl Methoxydibenzoylmethane is a sunscreen agent that works by absorbing UV light, which protects the skin from potential sun damage and premature aging. It also helps prevent product deterioration as a light stabilizer.
Butylene Glycol A synthetic ingredient, Butylene Glycol is a hair- and skin-conditioning ingredient which can increase skin/hair hydration, leaving them feeling soft and smooth. By increasing the hydration in the skin, lines and wrinkles can appear softer and less noticeable.
Butyloctyl Salicylate Butyloctyl Salicylate is a multifunctional synthetic ingredient. Butyloctyl Salicylate complements other sunscreen agents, which absorb UV light to protect the skin from UV damage. Butyloctyl Salicylate's other functions include being a hair- and skin-conditioning agent and solvent.
Butyrospermum Parkii (Shea) Butter Commonly known as Shea Butter, Butyrospermum Parkii (Shea) Butter is creamy fat extracted from the African Butyrospermum Parkii tree nut. Shea Butter is mostly known for its moisturizing benefit by forming a barrier to help increase the skin's water content. The increased hydration reduces skin flaking caused by dryness. The Shea Butter's ability to fill in cracks in hair cuticles is due to the lipids being able to mimic the hair's natural lipids, which helps increase hair strength.

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C12-15 Alkyl Benzoate C12-15 Alkyl Benzoate is an ingredient that has many functions. C12-15 Alkyl Benzoate's key responsibility is to disperse sunscreen actives to ensure they are uniform throughout the formula, leading to better efficacy of the product against UV rays. C12-15 Alkyl Benzoate also keeps the skin moisturized because it is an emollient. C12-15 Alkyl Benzoate can be derived from palm oil, but Nu Skin has chosen to work with a supplier that ensures their palm oil is sourced responsibly. C12-15 Alkyl Benzoate can also be synthetic.
C15-19 Alkane C15-19 Alkane is synthetically sourced. The purpose of C15-19 is to be a solvent to help incorporate other substances in a formula.
Caffeine Caffeine is a synthetic ingredient that is a known stimulant and helps energize the skin's appearance. Caffeine is also an antioxidant that fights free radicals and helps minimize skin damage from UV rays. This multifunctional ingredient can improve dry skin's appearance by reducing flakiness.
Camphor Camphor is a compound derived from the wood of the camphor tree, Cinnamomum Camphora. The Camphor tree grows natively in China and Japan. Although Camphor originated as a plant-sourced ingredient, Camphor is now capable of synthetical derivation. Camphor gives skin a cooled, refreshed feeling.
Caprylhydroxamic Acid Caprylhydroxamic Acid can be synthetic and also derived from plants. This ingredient can be derived from coconut oil. The purpose of Caprylhydroxamic Acid is to help stabilize a product by acting as a chelating agent. Caprylhydroxamic Acid neutralizes metallic ions found in a product, which helps complement the preservative system.
Caprylic/Capric Triglyceride Caprylic/Capric Triglyceride can be sourced from plant or synthetic origin. This ingredient can be sourced from palm oil. To make sure it's sustainably sourced, Nu Skin works with reputable suppliers who are members of the Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO). Caprylic/Capric Triglyceride is a lightweight, non-greasy skin conditioner that evenly spreads across the skin and helps prevent moisture evaporation. The slippery effect of Caprylic/Capric Triglyceride gives a smooth after-touch to formulas.
Caprylic/Capric/Myristic/Stearic Triglyceride Although Caprylic/Capric/Myristic/Stearic Triglyceride can be sourced from animal origins, Nu Skin chooses to use sources derived from plants or synthetic origin. Caprylic/Capric/Myristic/Stearic Triglyceride can be sourced from palm oil, and to make sure it is sourced sustainably, Nu Skin works with reputable suppliers who are members of the Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO). This ingredient is a mixed triester of glycerin with caprylic, capric, myristic, and stearic acids. Caprylic/Capric/Myristic/Stearic Triglyceride is occlusive, which means it locks in moisture but is lightweight so that it won't leave a heavy feeling film on the skin.
Caprylic/Capric/Succinic Triglyceride Caprylic/Capric/Succinic Triglyceride can be sourced from plants or synthetically. This ingredient can be sourced from palm oil, and to make sure it is sourced sustainably, Nu Skin works with reputable suppliers who are members of the Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO). This ingredient replenishes the skin as an emollient. Caprylic/Capric/Succinic Triglyceride reduces flaking on dry skin to improve overall skin appearance.
Caprylyl Glycol Caprylyl Glycol can be sourced from plant or synthetic origin. This ingredient can be sourced from palm oil, and to make sure it is sourced sustainably, Nu Skin works with reputable suppliers who are members of the Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO). Not only does Caprylyl Glycol keep the skin hydrated, this ingredient is beneficial to a formula because it complements the preservative system, helping it perform efficiently. Caprylyl Glycol prevents dry skin, which helps improve the skin's appearance.
Caprylyl Methicone Caprylyl Methicone can be sourced as a synthetic ingredient or from plants. This ingredient is a clear liquid that gives products a silky smooth feel. Caprylyl Methicone is a non-greasy silicone that increases a product's ability to spread and also locks in moisture. The silicone in the ingredient can temporarily make skin look more youthful by blurring lines and wrinkles' appearance.
Caprylyl/Capryl Glucoside Caprylyl/Capryl Glucoside can be sourced from plants or synthetically. This ingredient can be sourced from palm oil, and to make sure it is sourced sustainably, Nu Skin works with reputable suppliers who are members of the Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO). Caprylyl/Capryl Glucoside is a cleansing agent that adds a foaming effect to the product. Caprylyl/Caryl Glucoside helps to wash away dirt and oil efficiently.
Capsicum Annuum Fruit Extract Capsicum Annuum Fruit Extract originates in a plant native to the Americas. Capsicum Annuum Fruit Extract is part of the pepper plant. Capsicum Annuum Fruit Extract has many antioxidant properties. Capsicum Annuum Fruit Extract has been shown to help minimize the adverse effects of blue and infrared light on the skin.
Carbomer Carbomer is a synthetic ingredient that increases the viscosity of a formula. Carbomer also helps to stabilize emulsions.
Carnosine Carnosine is a synthetic ingredient that protects the skin from free radicals. As an antioxidant, Carnosine inhibits oxidative damage even from blue and infrared light. Carnosine has also been shown to assist with mitigating visible discoloration of the skin. Carnosine also helps condition the skin.
Carrageenan Carrageenan is sourced from red seaweed and is highly flexible, which allows the molecules to form a helical structure. This enables Carrageenan to form gel textures. It is also able to increase the viscosity and helps stabilize formulas.
Carthamus Tinctorius (Safflower) Seed Oil Carthamus Tinctorius (Safflower) Seed Oil is an oily liquid obtained by pressing the Safflower plant's seeds. Although the Safflower plant has been cultivated since the ancient Egyptians, it has only been within the last century that people have realized its potential as a cosmetic ingredient. As an oil, this ingredient nourishes the skin. The antioxidants in Carthamus Tinctorius (Safflower) Seed Oil, combined with the skin-conditioning qualities, give the skin a more soft and smooth appearance.
Cetearyl Alcohol Cetearyl Alcohol can be sourced from animals, but Nu Skin chooses to use sources derived from plants or synthetic origin. Cetearyl Alcohol can be sourced from palm oil, and to make sure it is sourced sustainably, Nu Skin works with reputable suppliers who are members of the Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO). Often wrongly interpreted as a drying ingredient, Cetearyl Alcohol is a hydrating, conditioning ingredient for skin and hair. Cetearyl Alcohol is capable of thickening formulas and helps keep them stable.
Cetearyl Ethylhexanoate Cetearyl Ethylhexanoate can be sourced from animal origins, but Nu Skin chooses to use sources derived from plants or synthetic origin. Cetearyl Ethylhexanoate can be sourced from palm oil. To make sure it is sourced sustainably, Nu Skin works with reputable suppliers who are members of the Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO). Cetearyl Ethylhexanoate is an emollient that conditions the skin to approve its appearance. The after-touch feel of Cetearyl Ethylhexanoate is soft, silky, and lightweight.
Cetearyl Glucoside Cetearyl Glucoside can be sourced from animal origins, but Nu Skin chooses to use sources derived from plants or synthetic origin. Cetearyl Glucoside can be sourced from palm oil, and to make sure it is sourced sustainably, Nu Skin works with reputable suppliers who are members of the Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO). Cetearyl Glucoside is a thickening agent and emulsifier in most formulations. Cetearyl Glucoside brings a luxuriously smooth feeling to a product, making the skin and hair softer to the touch.
Cetyl Alcohol Cetyl Alcohol can be sourced from animal origins, but Nu Skin chooses to use sources derived from plants or synthetic origin. Cetyl Alcohol can be sourced from palm oil, and to make sure it is sourced sustainably, Nu Skin works with reputable suppliers who are members of the Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO). Often wrongly interpreted as a drying ingredient, Cetyl Alcohol is a hydrating, conditioning ingredient for skin and hair. Cetyl Alcohol is capable of thickening formulas and helps keep them stable.
Cetyl Dimethicone Although Cetyl Dimethicone can be sourced from animal origins, Nu Skin chooses to use sources derived from plants or synthetically. Cetyl Dimethicone can be sourced from palm oil, and to make sure it is sourced sustainably, Nu Skin works with reputable suppliers who are members of the Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO). Cetyl Dimethicone forms a barrier on the skin to help prevent water loss. This retention of hydration may provide temporarily visible plumpness to the skin. Being a silicone, Cetyl Dimethicone helps the product spread more easily over the skin. It is also often used in sunscreen formulas to ensure uniform distribution of the active ingredients on the skin.
Cetyl Ricinoleate Cetyl Ricinoleate can be sourced from animal origins, but Nu Skin chooses to use sources that are derived from plants or synthetically. Cetyl Ricinoleate can be sourced from palm oil, and to make sure it is sourced sustainably, Nu Skin works with reputable suppliers who are members of the Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO). Cetyl Ricinoleate is made from the ester of ricinoleic acid and cetyl alcohol. As such, the lightweight, skin-conditioning capabilities of Cetyl Ricinoleate results in non-oily, luxurious feeling skin.
Chlorphenesin Chlorphenesin is a synthetic preservative. The purpose of preservatives in a formula is to prevent microorganisms' growth to ensure products' shelf life.
Citric Acid Citric Acid is sourced from plants or synthetically. This ingredient is found naturally in citrus fruits. Citric Acid helps adjust the pH of a product to be appropriate for the formula type and function. Citric Acid improves the skin's appearance by exfoliating the skin. As an exfoliator, Citric Acid can help promote the removal of dead skin cells, which can help soften the appearance of age spots, wrinkles, and uneven tones and textures.
Citrullus Lanatus (Watermelon) Fruit Extract Citrullus Lanatus (Watermelon) Fruit Extract is sourced from the Watermelon plant. This flowering vine is native to southwest Africa and is grown in tropical and subtropical areas worldwide. The Watermelon's fruit consists of deep red or pink flesh composed of water, sugar, vitamins, and carotenoids. As a skin conditioning agent, Citrullus Lanatus (Watermelon) Fruit Extract helps maintain smooth skin by reducing flaking and restoring suppleness. Citrullus Lanatus (Watermelon) Fruit Extract is rich in the carotenoid lycopene, an antioxidant that helps protect the skin from free radical damage.
Citrus Aurantium Dulcis (Orange) Oil Citrus Aurantium Dulcis (Orange) Oil is a plant-sourced ingredient. This ingredient comes from the Citrus Aurantium Dulcis plant, which is a type of orange. Orange trees originated in Southeast Asia but are cultivated in the tropics. The Citrus Aurantium Dulcis (Orange) Oil is often used as a fragrance ingredient.
Cleome Gynandra Leaf Extract Cleome Gynandra Leaf Extract is a native plant to Africa and naturalized across tropical regions of Asia. Cleome Gynandra Leaf Extract is a botanical extract that helps soothe the skin and can balance excess sebum.
Cocamidopropyl Betaine Cocamidopropyl Betaine can be sourced from plant or synthetic origin. This ingredient can be sourced from palm oil, and to make sure it is sourced sustainably, Nu Skin works with reputable suppliers who are members of the Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO). As a multi-benefit ingredient, Cocamidopropyl Betaine cleanses the skin, increases the viscosity, boosts the foaming capacity of a product, and acts as a conditioning agent for skin and hair, depending on the formulation.
Coccinia Indica Fruit Extract Coccinia Indica Fruit Extract is a plant ingredient sourced from a gourd native to Africa and Asia. Coccinia Indica Fruit Extract is a natural colorant. Furthermore, Coccinia Indica Fruit Extract can moisturize the skin, providing hydration and skin-conditioning benefits.
Corallina Officinalis Extract Corallina Officinalis is a red alga found predominately in Britain and Ireland. The red tinge found in this plant is due to the calcium carbonate deposits in the cell wall. Corallina Officinalis Extract has many practical benefits for the skin because it naturally includes amino acids, minerals, vitamins, etc. Corallina Officinalis Extract is a skin conditioning agent that helps improve skin appearance and can work as a physical exfoliant when ground up, which helps to remove dead skin cells, brightening the skin's appearance.
Cucurbita Pepo (Pumpkin) Fruit Extract Cucurbita Pepo (Pumpkin) Fruit Extract is a plant ingredient sourced from the pumpkin in northeastern Mexico and the southern United States. The enzymes in Cucurbita Pepo (Pumpkin) Fruit Extract work as a natural exfoliant to removed dead skin and clean pores resulting in a brighter skin appearance. Cucurbita Pepo (Pumpkin) Fruit Extract is naturally rich in lutein, a carotenoid that provides its color. Cucurbita Pepo (Pumpkin) Fruit Extract can also act as a skin conditioner.
Curcuma Longa (Turmeric) Root Extract Curcuma Longa (Turmeric) Root Extract is a plant-sourced ingredient. Curcuma Longa is native to southeast Asia. Curcuma Longa (Turmeric) Root Extract can brighten the skin's appearance and soothe skin with long-term usage. The curcumin in Curcuma Longa (Turmeric) Root Extract gives it a yellow color, allowing it to be used as a natural colorant.
Cyclohexasiloxane Cyclohexasiloxane is a synthetic emollient that helps to hydrate the skin, improving the appearance of dry, flaky, scaly skin. Cyclohexasiloxane can also condition hair to improve its appearance.

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Darutoside Dimethicone is a synthetic ingredient that forms a hydrating barrier on the skin, which helps prevent moisture loss. Dimethicone also leaves the skin feeling soft and smooth.
Decyl Oleate Decyl Oleate can be sourced from animal origins, but Nu Skin chooses to use sources derived from plants or synthetic origin. Decyl Oleate can be sourced from palm oil, and to make sure it is sourced sustainably, Nu Skin works with reputable suppliers who are members of the Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO). As an emollient, Decyl Oleate increases skin hydration, reducing dryness and flakiness, which results in a more supple, smooth, pliable appearance.
Decylene Glycol Decylene Glycol is a synthetic ingredient that enhances the appearance of dry or damaged skin.
Dicaprylyl Carbonate Dicaprylyl Carbonate is an ingredient that can be sourced from plants or synthetically. As an emollient, Dicaprylyl Carbonate can moisturize the skin without leaving a greasy feel. When using Dicaprylyl Carbonate, the skin is left feeling silky and smooth.
Diisostearyl Dimer Dilinoleate Diisostearyl Dimer Dilinoleate can be sourced from animals; however, Nu Skin chooses to source this ingredient synthetically. Diisostearyl Dimer Dilinoleate is capable of slowing the evaporation of water from the skin surface. Diisostearyl Dimer Dilinoleate leaves the skin feeling soft and smooth.
Dimethicone Dimethicone is a synthetic ingredient that forms a hydrating barrier on the skin, which helps prevent moisture loss. Dimethicone also leaves the skin feeling soft and smooth.
Dimethicone/Vinyl Dimethicone Crosspolymer Dimethicone/Vinyl Dimethicone Crosspolymer is a synthetic ingredient used to increase the viscosity in nonaqueous solvents. Additionally, Dimethicone/Vinyl Dimethicone Crosspolymer conditions the skin improving its overall look by reducing flakiness and restoring suppleness.
Dipotassium Glycyrrhizate Dipotassium Glycyrrhizate is an ingredient sourced from the licorice plant or synthetically. As a skin conditioning ingredient, Dipotassium Glycyrrhizate reduces dry skin flaking, soothes skin and restores suppleness.
Disodium Cocoamphodiacetate Disodium Cocoamphodiacetate is sourced from plants and synthetically. As a cleansing ingredient, Disodium Cocoamphodiacetate is capable of gently removing dirt and oil from the skin. However, Disodium Cocoamphodiacetate does not entirely strip away natural oils, so the skin doesn't feel tight and dry after cleansing. Disodium Cocoamphodiacetate is also a hair conditioning agent that leaves hair looking shinier and smoother.
Disodium EDTA Disodium EDTA is a synthetic ingredient. As a chelator, it binds metal ions to itself, which supports the preservative system of a product. Binding the metal ions also prevents the deterioration of products because it inactivates the ions that negatively impact the formula. Disodium EDTA also prevents discoloration of a formula due to oxidation; it is especially efficacious in formulas that contain sunscreen actives.

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Ergothioneine Ergothioneine is an antioxidant that can be found naturally in various legumes and fungi. It can also be sourced through a biomimetic fermentation process. This ingredient protects the skin from free radical damage but also protects other ingredients from oxidation. Ergothioneine effectively improves the appearance of the skin.
Ethylhexyl Palmitate Ethylhexyl Palmitate can be sourced from animals, but Nu Skin chooses to use sources derived from plants or synthetic origin. Ethylhexyl Palmitate can be sourced from palm oil, and to make sure it is sourced sustainably, Nu Skin works with reputable suppliers who are members of the Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO). Ethylhexyl Palmitate is a lightweight emollient that leaves the skin feeling soft and looking smooth.
Ethylhexyl Salicylate Ethylhexyl Salicylate, commonly known as Octisalate, is a synthetic ingredient that absorbs UV light, which protects the skin from potential sun damage and premature aging. It also helps prevent product deterioration as a light stabilizer.
Ethylhexyl Stearate Ethylhexyl Stearate can be sourced from animal origins, but Nu Skin chooses to use a synthetic source. Ethylhexyl Stearate can be sourced from palm oil, and to make sure it is sourced sustainably, Nu Skin works with reputable suppliers who are members of the Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO). Ethylhexyl Stearate is an emollient that stays on the skin's surface, moisturizing, softening, and smoothing its appearance.
Ethylhexylglycerin Ethylhexylglycerin is sourced synthetically. It is used in formulas to help complement the preservative system. And it is also gentle on the skin and is considered a skin-conditioning agent.
Evodia Rutaecarpa Fruit Extract Evodia Rutaecarpa Fruit Extract is a plant-sourced ingredient from a small berry fruit of Evodia Rutaecarpa. Evodia Rutaecarpa is an Asian tree species. The Evodia Rutaecarpa Fruit Extract contains alkaloids that calm skin. This skin-soothing agent helps increase radiance to improve the skin's luminosity visibly.

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Fragrance (Parfum) As the name denotes, Fragrance (Parfum) is a type of ingredient that you would see on a product label indicating an added scent. Fragrance can make a product more attractive to consumers by either masking the base odor of a product or enhancing the smell for aesthetic reasons. The ingredients blended to create a specific fragrance, in general, remain "trade secret," which means they remain undisclosed. Labeling a fragrance as a trade secret by a fragrance house is not meant to deceive consumers but protect the industry.
Fructose Fructose is a plant-based ingredient. The sweetest of all the natural sugars, fructose is a humectant and skin-conditioning agent—fructose functions by reducing moisture loss from the skin, leaving the skin softer.

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Gluconolactone Gluconolactone, a polyhydroxy acid and is sourced synthetically. This polyhydroxy acid acts as a gentle exfoliator but also as a skin hydrator. Unlike other hydroxy acids, Gluconolactone is a larger molecule that stays and acts on the skin's topmost layers. Gluconolactone attracts water, hydrating the skin, which enhances its appearance, suppleness, and texture.
Glucose Glucose is a plant-based ingredient primarily made by the hydrolysis of starch sourced from various plants. Glucose is a simple sugar that acts as a humectant and can help calm the skin.
Glycerin Historically, Glycerin was sourced from animals, but the industry has moved to more plant-based sources such as vegetables and Palm in recent years. When sourced from palm oil, Nu Skin is committed to sustainability and is working with reputable suppliers who are members of the Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO). As a humectant and skin-conditioning agent, Glycerin moisturizes and smooths the skin leaving a dewy appearance.
Glyceryl Acrylate/Acrylic Acid Copolymer Glyceryl Acrylate/Acrylic Acid Copolymer can be sourced from plants or synthetically. This ingredient can be sourced from palm oil, and to make sure it is sourced sustainably, Nu Skin works with reputable suppliers who are members of the Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO). Glyceryl Acrylate/Acrylic Acid Copolymer can be used as a multipurpose ingredient to thicken a formula to the desired consistency. It also hydrates the skin by drawing moisture into the skin's top layers, resulting in smoother, softer skin.
Glyceryl Laurate Glyceryl Laurate can be sourced from plants or synthetically. This ingredient can be sourced from palm oil, and to make sure it is sourced sustainably, Nu Skin works with reputable suppliers who are members of the Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO). Derived from glycerin and lauric acid, Glyceryl Laurate emulsifies formulas by keeping the water and oil components of a product together. Glyceryl Laurate is also an emollient that creates a soft and smooth appearance on the skin.
Glyceryl Polyacrylate Glyceryl Polyacrylate is a synthetic ingredient that functions as a film-former and a viscosity increasing agent. As a viscosity increasing agent, Glyceryl Polyacrylate helps to stabilize a formulation and provide the desired texture. Film formers create a film on the skin needed in products such as masks.
Glyceryl Stearate Glyceryl Stearate can be sourced from animal origins, but Nu Skin chooses to use sources derived from plants or synthetic origin. Glyceryl Stearate can be sourced from palm oil, and to make sure it is sourced sustainably, Nu Skin works with reputable suppliers who are members of the Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO). Glyceryl Stearate is primarily used as an emulsifier to stabilize formulas.
Glycine Although Glycine can be sourced from animals, Nu Skin chooses synthetic sources of Glycine. Glycine is commonly used as hair and skin conditioner. This amino acid can improve the overall appearance of the skin by reducing flakiness and restoring suppleness. As a hair conditioner, Glycine improves the feel, volume, gloss/sheen, and hair texture.
Glycine Soja (Soybean) Sterols Glycine Soja (Soybean) Sterols is from the soybean plant. The soybean plant is native to southeast Asia. Glycine Soja (Soybean) Sterols is a natural emollient, which moisturizes the skin to maintain a soft and smooth appearance.
Glycolic Acid Glycolic Acid is a synthetic ingredient that is an alpha hydroxy acid (AHA). As a small molecule, Glycolic Acid is readily available to the skin. Glycolic Acid exfoliates chemically to remove dead skin cells. The process improves the appearance of skin by evening out the skin tone and texture. Glycolic Acid reveals brighter, smoother looking skin.

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Hamamelis Virginiana (Witch Hazel) Water Hamamelis Virginiana (Witch Hazel) Water is a plant-sourced ingredient from the witch hazel tree. The witch hazel plant is a small tree native to North America. Hamamelis Virginiana (Witch Hazel) Water moisturizes the skin to reduce flaking skin and restore suppleness, improving the skin's overall appearance. Hamamelis Virginiana (Witch Hazel) Water can also help reduce pores' appearance and may function as a skin protectant to help calm skin.
Helianthus Annuus (Sunflower) Extract Helianthus Annuus (Sunflower) Extract is sourced as a plant ingredient from the sunflower. The primary function Helianthus Annuus (Sunflower) Extract has in a formula is to condition the skin, which means that Helianthus Annuus (Sunflower) Extract enhances the appearance of dry or damaged skin by reducing flaking and restoring suppleness.
Helianthus Annuus (Sunflower) Seed Oil Helianthus Annuus (Sunflower) Seed Oil is sourced as a plant ingredient from the sunflower. The seed oil from the Helianthus Annuus has a high vitamin E level, which is an antioxidant. Helianthus Annuus (Sunflower) Seed Oil's higher concentration of antioxidants can neutralize free radicals that damage skin damage. Linoleic acid is found in Helianthus Annuus (Sunflower) Seed Oil, strengthening the skin's protective barrier. Helianthus Annuus (Sunflower) Seed Oil works as an emollient to hydrate and moisturize the skin to improve the appearance of dry, damaged skin.
Histidine Although Histidine can be sourced from animals, Nu Skin chooses to use synthetic sources. As a skin conditioner, Histidine draws moisture to the skin to enhance its appearance. Histidine also leaves the hair looking and feeling soft.
Homosalate Homosalate is a synthetic ingredient that helps prevent the damage caused by UV rays. It also helps prevent product deterioration as a light stabilizer. Octocrylene works by absorbing UV light, which protects the skin from potential sun damage and premature aging.
Hydrated Silica Hydrated Silica can either be naturally or synthetically sourced and has many functions. The particles that make up Hydrated Silica are spherical, so this substance helps a formula improve its spreadability. Hydrated Silica is capable of increasing the viscosity of aqueous solutions as well. Larger particles of Hydrated Silica are also spherical and can be used to exfoliate the skin gently.
Hydrogenated Polyisobutene Hydrogenated Polyisobutene is a synthetic ingredient that increases the viscosity of the non-aqueous portion of formulas. Hydrogenated Polyisobutene is an emollient that prevents water loss from the skin. Hydrogenated Polyisobutene gives the skin a soft and smooth appearance.
Hydroxyacetophenone Hydroxyacetophenone is a synthetic ingredient. Hydroxyacetophenone is an antioxidant and can complement a preservative system's ability to function to ensure product shelf life.
Hydroxypropyl Methylcellulose Stearoxy Ether Although Hydroxypropyl Methylcellulose Stearoxy Ether can be sourced from animals, Nu Skin chooses to source this ingredient solely from plant and synthetic sources. As a viscosity increasing agent, Hydroxypropyl Methylcellulose Stearoxy Ether helps formulas have a gel-like texture. This viscosity characteristic in Hydroxypropyl Methylcellulose Stearoxy Ether is a vital component to the application experience as a consumer.
Hypnea Musciformis Extract Hypnea Musciformis Extract is a plant ingredient from red algae. A skin-conditioning ingredient, Hypnea Musciformis Extract soothes and protects the skin from the damaging effects of external aggressors.

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Inonotus Obliquus (Mushroom) Extract Chaga Mushroom, found in the polar deserts and tundras of Canada, Alaska, and Russia, is a hardy cryophile—lover of cold. Chaga can grow, thrive, and even reproduce in frigid environments with temperatures from −20 °C to +10 °C.
Iron Oxides (CI 77491) Iron Oxides (CI 77491) is an ingredient sourced from minerals and can also be sourced synthetically. Iron Oxides' primary purpose (CI 77491) is to add a red tone to a formula. Iron Oxides (CI 77491) is opaque and is incredibly stable from deterioration from UV rays. Also resistant to moisture, Iron Oxides (CI 77491) does not bleed or smear.
Iron Oxides (CI 77492) Iron Oxides (CI 77492) is an ingredient sourced from minerals and can also be sourced synthetically. The primary purpose of Iron Oxides (CI 77492) is to yellow tone to a formula. Iron Oxides (CI 77492) is opaque and is incredibly stable from deterioration from UV rays. Also resistant to moisture, Iron Oxides (CI 77492) does not bleed or smear.
Isocetyl Stearate Isocetyl Stearate can be sourced from animal origins, but Nu Skin chooses to use sources derived from plants or synthetic origin. Isocetyl Stearate can be sourced from palm oil, and to make sure it is sourced sustainably, Nu Skin works with reputable suppliers who are members of the Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO). Isocetyl Stearate is an emollient that gives skin a soft, smooth appearance.
Isodecyl Neopentanoate Isodecyl Neopentanoate is a synthetic ingredient that conditions the skin. This emollient has high spreadability on the hair and skin; thus, Isodecyl Neopentanoate leaves skin and hair feeling soft and smooth. Isodecyl Neopentanoate can also be a solvent for solid UV absorbers in formulas.
Isoleucine Although Isoleucine can be sourced from animals, Nu Skin sources Isoleucine as a synthetic ingredient. Isoleucine is an essential amino acid and, when applied topically, conditions skin and improves its appearance. It also functions as a hair conditioning agent to enhance the appearance and feel of hair.
Isopropyl Lauroyl Sarcosinate Isopropyl Lauroyl Sarcosinate can be sourced from plants or synthetically to provide skin conditioning qualities for a product. The emollient Isopropyl Lauroyl Sarcosinate is lightweight and spreads well; thus, the application of Isopropyl Lauroyl Sarcosinate leaves your skin smooth and hydrated. Isopropyl Lauroyl Sarcosinate can also help cleanse skin/hair by mixing water, oil, and dirt to wash them away efficiently.

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Jojoba Esters Jojoba Esters are sourced from plants and synthetically. The natural ingredients are from the seeds of Simmondsia Chinensis. Jojoba Esters are non-oily emollients that are readily available to soften the skin.

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Lactic Acid Although Lactic Acid can be sourced from animals, Nu Skin sources Lactic Acid as a synthetic ingredient. Historically Lactic Acid was attained from milk, and Cleopatra would use milk on her skin for cosmetic benefit. Lactic Acid is an alpha hydroxy acid (AHA). As an AHA, Lactic Acid chemically exfoliates the skin by breaking down the glue that holds dead skin cells to the skin's surface. This action causes Lactic Acid to improve the skin's overall appearance, including smoothing out the texture, evening skin tone, and adding hydration. A multipurpose ingredient, Lactic Acid, is an exfoliant and functions as a humectant, pH adjuster, and conditioning agent. Lactic Acid can soften the appearance of wrinkles and fine lines.
Lactobacillus Ferment Lactobacillus Ferment is sourced from bacteria, fungi, or other single-cell organisms. This skin-conditioning agent can help protect against environmental aggressors. Lactobacillus Ferment can enhance the appearance of dry or damaged skin by reducing flaking and restoring suppleness.
Lactobacillus/Punica Granatum Fruit Ferment Extract Lactobacillus/Punica Granatum Fruit Ferment Extract is sourced from plants, bacteria, fungi, or other single-cell organisms. It is found naturally as a pomegranate enzyme extracted by fermenting the fruit with Lactobacillus lactis. Lactobacillus/Punica Granatum Fruit Ferment Extract is an alternative to acid exfoliation and has antioxidant properties. As a skin/hair conditioning agent, Lactobacillus/Punica Granatum Fruit Ferment Extract works as a humectant. Lactobacillus/Punica Granatum Fruit Ferment Extract can improve skin appearance by helping it look more youthful and supple.
Laminaria Digitata Extract Laminaria Digitata Extract is a plant-sourced ingredient from brown algae. This plant is often found in the sublittoral zone of the northern Atlantic Ocean. Laminaria Digitata Extract can be a source of magnesium, calcium, and potassium—components that can help firm skin appearance. The high level of antioxidants in Laminaria Digitata Extract can improve the appearance of hyperpigmentation. As a humectant, Laminaria Digitata Extract conditions and helps protect the skin from environmental factors.
Lauryl Alcohol Lauryl Alcohol can be sourced from plant or synthetic origin. This ingredient can be sourced from palm oil, and to make sure it is sourced sustainably, Nu Skin works with reputable suppliers who are members of the Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO). A multifunctional ingredient, Lauryl Alcohol emulsifies formulas, increases the viscosity, and is a foam booster. Fatty in nature, Lauryl Alcohol provides hydration to the skin and creates a barrier that doesn't allow the moisture to evaporate. Lauryl Alcohol has a floral odor.
Lauryl Lactate Lauryl Lactate can be sourced from animal origins, but Nu Skin chooses to use sources derived from plants or synthetic origin. Lauryl Lactate can be sourced from palm oil, and to make sure it is sourced sustainably, Nu Skin works with reputable suppliers who are members of the Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO). Lauryl Lactate, derived from Lactic Acid, an alpha hydroxy acid (AHA) and Lauryl Alcohol, gives the skin a smooth feel while locking in moisture. It also softens the skin resulting in more youthful-looking skin.
Lavandula Angustifolia (Lavender) Oil Lavandula Angustifolia (Lavender) Oil is a plant-sourced ingredient from the lavender plant, native to the western Mediterranean regions. Widely known for its lovely scent, it is often used as a fragrance ingredient. However, Lavandula Angustifolia (Lavender) Oil can also calm, soothe, and condition the skin.
Lavandula Hybrida Oil Lavandula Hybrida Oil is a plant-sourced ingredient from a naturally occurring hybrid lavender commonly called lavandin from Mediterranean Europe. Lavandula Hybrida Oil is used for its scent in products. This fragrance is from a species of lavender that is known for being especially aromatic. The aroma from the Lavandula Hybrida Oil in products makes the consumer experience more pleasant.
Lecithin Although Lecithin can be sourced from animal Nu Skin chooses to source this ingredient solely from plant sources. Lecithin acts as an emulsifier meaning Lecithin reduces the surface tension of substances, so a dispersion of droplets of one liquid can be held in another in which it is not soluble. This helps all ingredients be evenly spread across the skin within a formulation, leaving a positive sensorial effect. As a phospholipid, Lecithin is a skin-condition ingredient that improves the skin's appearance by reducing the appearance of flakiness and improving suppleness.
Lens Esculenta (Lentil) Fruit Extract Lens Esculenta (Lentil) Fruit Extract is sourced from a legume that is originally from India, Canada, and Turkey. In Ancient times, Lentils were made into a powder to apply topically for cleansing benefits. Lens Esculenta is a bushy annual plant that produces the commonly known lentil. The lentil fruit is a rich source of vitamins B5 and trisaccharides. In formulas today, Lens Esculenta (Lentil) Fruit Extract is used to hydrate the skin to help the appearance be more soft and smooth.
Lespedeza Capitata Leaf/Stem Extract Lespedeza Capitata Leaf/Stem Extract is a plant-sourced ingredient from Lespedeza capitata, native to eastern North America. Lespedeza Capitata Leaf/Stem Extract is a skin moisturizer. Lespedeza Capitata Leaf/Stem Extract is a skin-conditioning ingredient that enhances the appearance of dry, flaking skin and restores suppleness. Lespedeza Capitata Leaf/Stem Extract can also help improve the look of dull, uneven, stressed, and tired skin caused by excessive blue light exposure.
Limnanthes Alba (Meadowfoam) Seed Oil Limnanthes Alba (Meadowfoam) Seed Oil is a plant-sourced ingredient from the Meadowfoam plant native to the eastern coast of the United States and Canada. Mainly used as a skin-conditioning agent, Limnanthes Alba (Meadowfoam) Seed Oil moisturizes the skin and has a lightweight, non-greasy texture. Limnanthes Alba (Meadowfoam) Seed Oil has a high capacity for water absorption. It contains vitamin E. This ingredient is optimal for skin and hair because it leaves it soft, smooth, and silky to the touch.

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Malachite Extract Malachite Extract is a mineral ingredient that is an antioxidant. Malachite Extract seeks out free radicals to fight against the effects of skin stressors. It is also a natural colorant in cosmetics.
Malic Acid Malic Acid is a synthetic ingredient often used as a pH adjuster and is also a hydroxy acid. As an alpha hydroxy acid (AHA), Malic Acid exfoliates the skin to reveal younger-looking skin. Malic acid also effectively evens out the appearance of skin tone and texture.
Maltodextrin Maltodextrin is a plant-sourced ingredient that absorbs moisture. As a plant-based sugar, Maltodextrin can condition the skin and hair by drawing hydration in and preventing evaporation. Furthermore, Maltodextrin is a film-former and skin conditioning agent. Maltodextrin can also stabilize formulas as an emulsion stabilizer because it keeps water and oil components together.
Maltose Maltose is a plant-derived ingredient. The makeup of Maltose is two linked glucose units. The chemistry of this ingredient makes it a moisturizing humectant that draws water to the skin. Maltose hydrates dry flaking skin to improve the look and feel.
Mannitol Mannitol is sugar alcohol sourced from plants or synthetically. There are various plants Mannitol can be sourced from including, trees, algae, and mushrooms. Primarily used as a humectant, Mannitol conditions by binding moisture to the top layers of the skin. This softens and smoothes the skin, which results in an improved appearance.
Mauritia Flexuosa Fruit Oil Mauritia Flexuosa Fruit Oil is an ingredient sourced from the Buriti tree, specifically the tree's fruit. This tree grows natively in wet, swampy areas of tropical South America. As a skin-conditioning agent, Mauritia Flexuosa Fruit Oil contains high levels of oleic acid, tocopherols, and carotenoids, especially beta carotene and lutein. Additionally, Mauritia Flexuosa Fruit Oil is rich in vitamins, minerals, and fatty acids. As a skin conditioning agent, Mauritia Flexuosa Fruit Oil restores moisture to the skin, helping hydrate dry, damaged skin. Mauritia Flexuosa Fruit Oil may reduce the appearance of fine lines and soothes agitation.
Melia Azadirachta Flower Extract Melia Azadirachta Flower Extract is a plant-sourced ingredient. Derived from the neem tree that grows natively in India and has spread to tropical regions, Melia Azadirachta Flower Extract contains antioxidants and polysaccharides. The components found in Melia Azadirachta Flower Extract help improve dry skin by acting as a conditioning agent to keep the skin hydrated. It can also be a natural colorant.
Melia Azadirachta Leaf Extract Melia Azadirachta Leaf Extract is a plant-sourced ingredient. It is derived from the neem tree that grows natively in India and has spread to tropical regions. Melia Azadirachta Leaf Extract is a skin-conditioning agent that contains antioxidants and polysaccharides. These components help improve dry skin by keeping the skin hydrated. It can also be a natural colorant.
Methyl Gluceth-10 Methyl Gluceth-10 is a synthetic ingredient that helps the skin hold water. This humectant has a non-tacky feel that leaves the skin smooth and silky to the touch.
Methylpropanediol Methylpropanediol is a synthetic ingredient that functions as a solvent. Slightly viscous, Methylpropanediol helps better incorporate other ingredients into the formula. This characteristic makes active ingredients in a formula more readily available and more even dispersed on to the skin. After application, Methylpropanediol leaves the skin dewy and hydrated.
Mica (CI 77019) Mica (CI 77019) is a mineral ingredient mined in thin sheets and often used as a colorant. The color Mica (CI 77019) can reflect light well and give the formula and skin a glittery white sheen.
Microcitrus Australasica Fruit Extract Microcitrus Australasica Fruit Extract is sourced from the Australian finger lime plant. The Microcitrus Australasica plant is a thorny shrub or small tree that grows in the subtropical rainforest in Australia. A common name for the fruit is caviar lime. Microcitrus Australasica Fruit Extract exfoliates the skin gently because it contains Alpha Hydroxy Acids (AHAs). This ingredient improves the skin's complexion by visibly evening the skin tone. Microcitrus Australasica Fruit Extract also gives the skin a smoother and brighter look.

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Niacinamide Although Niacinamide can be sourced from animals, Nu Skin sources this ingredient solely from plant or synthetically. Niacinamide is commonly known as vitamin B3 and is water-soluble. With topical application, Niacinamide helps to visibly even out skin tone, brighten the skin's appearance, and hydrates the skin to reduce the appearance of dry, damaged skin and restore suppleness. Niacinamide also helps the skin appear more radiant.

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Ocimum Sanctum Leaf Extract Ocimum Sanctum Leaf Extract is a plant-sourced ingredient from the basil plant. Native to tropical regions from central Africa to Southeast Asia, this ingredient is now widely cultivated. Ocimum Sanctum Leaf Extract conditions and moisturizes skin. It can also be a natural colorant.
Octadecane Octadecane is a synthetic straight-chain alkane with 18 carbon atoms. Octadecane functions as a solvent, emollient, and fragrance ingredient.
Octocrylene Octocrylene is a synthetic ingredient that helps prevent the damage caused by UV rays. Octocrylene works by absorbing UV light, which protects the skin from potential sun damage and premature aging. It also helps prevent product deterioration as a light stabilizer.
Octyldodecyl Stearoyl Stearate Octyldodecyl Stearoyl Stearate can be sourced from animal origins, but Nu Skin chooses to use sources derived from plants or synthetic origin. Octyldodecyl Stearoyl Stearate can be sourced from palm oil. To make sure it is sourced sustainably, Nu Skin works with reputable suppliers who are members of the Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO). Octyldodecyl Stearoyl Stearate increases the viscosity of the nonaqueous portions of a formula. This ingredient conditions the skin by forming a barrier on the skin's surface to slow water loss, increasing its hydration level.
Opuntia Vulgaris Leaf Extract Opuntia Vulgaris Leaf Extract is a plant-sourced ingredient. Opuntia Vulgaris Leaf Extract is from the prickly pear cactus, native to the Americas—especially Mexico. Opuntia Vulgaris Leaf Extract is a skin-conditioning ingredient that makes it an excellent skin hydrator, leading to dewy, radiant skin.
Oryza Sativa (Rice) Bran Extract Oryza Sativa (Rice) Bran Extract is sourced from the rice bran, the grain's hard outer layer. Oryza Sativa (Rice) Bran Extract is rich in oil, fatty acids, enzymes, and antioxidants. Oryza Sativa (Rice) Bran Extract soothes and conditions the skin.

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Pancratium Maritimum Extract Pancratium Maritimum Extract is commonly sourced from the sea daffodil plant that grows in coastal dunes and beaches. The sea daffodil is native to the Canary Islands and both sides of the Mediterranean region and the Black Sea from Portugal and the Middle Eastern area. Because it is a protected species, Nu Skin sources Pancratium Maritimum Extract through controlled environment agriculture (CEA). It is used in formulas to create products that help prevent the appearance of dark spots. This ingredient helps to visibly even skin tone and moisturize for a better appearance.
PCA PCA is an acronym for pyrrolidone carboxylic acid. A synthetic ingredient, PCA conditions the skin as a humectant. This means that PCA increases the moisture on the skin by drawing water from the surrounding air. Therefore, PCA enhances the appearance of dry skin and hair by improving texture and suppleness.
Pentylene Glycol Pentylene Glycol is sourced from plants or synthetically. Pentylene Glycol supports preservatives in a formula. Another function of Pentylene Glycol is a solvent and helps incorporate other ingredients into a formula. Pentylene Glycol helps the skin attract and retain moisture to condition the skin.
Phenoxyethanol Phenoxyethanol is a synthetic preservative. Capable of preventing bacteria, yeast, and mold growth, Phenoxyethanol protects the formulation throughout its shelf life.
Phenylalanine Although Phenylalanine can be sourced from animals, Nu Skin sources Phenylalanine as a synthetic ingredient. Phenylalanine is an essential amino acid that primarily functions as a hair and skin conditioning agent that enhances the appearance of dry or damaged skin by reducing flaking and restoring suppleness. It can also improve the appearance and feel of hair.
Phytic Acid Phytic Acid is an ingredient sourced from plants or synthetically. An exfoliant, Phytic Acid provides moisture while revealing fresh skin that is smooth and soft. Phytic Acid is a chelating agent that neutralizes metal ions.
Pinus Strobus Cone Extract Pinus Strobus Cone Extract is a plant-sourced ingredient from white pine. The eastern white pine is a needled evergreen tree native to the northeastern United States and Canada. Known for its smell, Pinus Strobus Cone Extract is used as a fragrance in cosmetics. It can also be used to soften the skin.
Pistacia Vera Seed Oil Pistacia Vera Seed Oil is sourced from the pistachio trees native to western Asia and Asia Minor. It contains vitamin E, fats, and linoleic acid, which help condition and improve the skin's appearance.
Polyglycerin-6 Polyglycerin-6 is a highly moisturizing synthetic ingredient. This humectant slows skin water-loss when used to help rid the appearance of dry skin. Polyglycerin-6 provides hydration to restore suppleness.
Polyglyceryl-3 Beeswax Polyglyceryl-3 Beeswax can be a synthetic ingredient or sourced from an animal byproduct. Polyglyceryl-3 Beeswax functions as a surfactant and emulsifier to increase the stability of a formula. It also helps provide a satin-like feel to a formula. When used in our HydraFlex Blend specifically, the bees are not present when the beeswax is extracted to keep the bees safe. The beekeepers extract the beeswax for Polyglyceryl-3 Beeswax from the bees ensuring they leave enough honey and wax for survival through winter. The Polyglyceryl-3 portion of Polyglyceryl-3 Beeswax can be sourced from plant or synthetic origin. This ingredient can be sourced from palm oil, and to make sure it is sourced sustainably, Nu Skin works with reputable suppliers who are members of the Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO).
Polyglyceryl-3 Caprate Polyglyceryl-3 Caprate is an ingredient sourced from plants and synthetically. As a skin conditioning emollient, Polyglyceryl-3 Caprate gives the skin a softer and smoother appearance. Polyglyceryl-3 Caprate is also a surfactant that helps incorporate ingredients into a formula.
Polyglyceryl-4 Caprate Polyglyceryl-4 Caprate is an ingredient sourced from plants and synthetically. Also, Polyglyceryl-4 Caprate is a hydrophilic emollient that makes the skin feel soft and smooth. Polyglyceryl-4 Caprate is also a surfactant that helps incorporate ingredients into a formula, which allows the even dispersion of other ingredients in a formula.
Polyglyceryl-4 Laurate/Sebacate Polyglyceryl-4 Laurate/Sebacate is sourced from plants and synthetically. As a hydrotrope, Polyglyceryl-4 Laurate/Sebacate can incorporate oil-loving ingredients into water-based formulas, which makes it a good solubilizing agent. Polyglyceryl-4 Laurate/Sebacate is often used as a moisturizing cleanser.
Polyglyceryl-6 Behenate Polyglyceryl-6 Behenate is sourced from plants or synthetically. Based from glycerin and behenic acid, Polyglyceryl-6 Behenate stabilizes emulsions and leaves the skin feeling silky.
Polyglyceryl-6 Caprylate Polyglyceryl-6 Caprylate is an ingredient sourced from plants and synthetically. The primary function of Polyglyceryl-6 Caprylate, a surfactant, is to help incorporate ingredients into a formula, which allows other ingredients to be evenly dispersed in a formula. As a skin conditioning emollient, Polyglyceryl-6 Caprylate gives the skin a softer and smoother appearance.
Polyglyceryl-6 Caprylate/Caprate Polyglyceryl-6 Caprylate/Caprate is an ingredient sourced from plants and synthetically. Often used as an emulsifier, Polyglyceryl-6 Caprylate/Caprate keeps oil and water components of a formula evenly dispersed in a product. This ensures that ingredients will be spread evenly across the skin. Polyglyceryl-6 Caprylate/Caprate emulsifies as a hydrotropic surfactant that is a solubilizing agent.
Polyglyceryl-6 Distearate Polyglyceryl-6 Distearate can be sourced from animal origins, but Nu Skin chooses to use sources derived from plants or synthetic origin. Polyglyceryl-6 Distearate can be sourced from palm oil, and to make sure it is sourced sustainably, Nu Skin works with reputable suppliers who are members of the Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO). Polyglyceryl-6 Distearate moisturizes the skin and emulsifies formulas. As a result, Polyglyceryl-6 Distearate leaves the skin soft and smooth.
Polyglyceryl-6 Polyricinoleate Polyglyceryl-6 Polyricinoleate is an ingredient sourced from plants or synthetically. This ingredient has both hydrophilic and hydrophobic properties. This means Polyglyceryl-6 Polyricinoleate can bind to oil and water components and act as a surfactant-emulsifying agent. Polyglyceryl-6 Polyricinoleate creates a smooth consistency in a formula for a better application feel.
Polyglyceryl-6 Laurate Polyglyceryl-6 Laurate is sourced from plants and synthetically. It is an ester of lauric acid and polyglycerin-6. Polyglyceryl-6 Laurate is an emulsifying agent that hydrates and conditions the skin. As an emollient, Polyglyceryl-6 Laurate makes the skin appear more youthful and smooth.
Polyglyceryl-6 Stearate Polyglyceryl-6 Stearate is made of stearic acid and polyglycerin-6. Although Polyglyceryl-6 Stearate can be sourced from animals, Nu Skin chooses to use a synthetic source. Polyglyceryl-6 Stearate is an emulsifier that helps stabilize formulas and is an emollient that moisturizes the skin for an improved appearance.
Potassium Cetyl Phosphate Potassium Cetyl Phosphate can be sourced from animal origins, but Nu Skin chooses to use sources derived from plants or synthetic origin. Potassium Cetyl Phosphate can be sourced from palm oil, and to make sure it is sourced sustainably, Nu Skin works with reputable suppliers who are members of the Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO). The function of Potassium Cetyl Phosphate is to be an emulsifier that helps stabilize formulations. Potassium Cetyl Phosphate can also be used in cleansing formulas to wash away excess oil and dirt from the skin's surface.
Proline Although Proline can be sourced from animals, Nu Skin chooses to use a synthetic source. Proline is an essential amino acid and has multiple benefits to the skin's appearance. As a skin conditioning agent, Proline enhances the appearance of dry or damaged skin by reducing flakiness and restoring suppleness. Proline can work as an anti-aging ingredient by reducing the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles and helps to make the skin appear more firm. Therefore, Proline can make the skin appear more youthful.
Propanediol Propanediol is an ingredient sourced from plants or synthetically. As a solvent, Propanediol is a valuable component of many products. Propanediol is also an emollient and humectant that draws moisture to the skin helping support the moisture barrier resulting in soft, hydrated skin. Propanediol reduces flaking resulting in smoother, healthier-looking skin. As a hair conditioning agent, Propanediol will help enhance hair's appearance by improving its sheen, texture, feel, and body.
Pullulan Pullulan is a water-soluble polysaccharide sourced from plants. It is produced from the fungus aureobasidium pullulans' starch components. Pullulan forms a film on the skin after application. The film locks in moisture and can make the skin appear more supple.
Punica Granatum Sterols Punica Granatum Sterols are derived from the pomegranate plant native to the Middle East and Europe. This plant ingredient increases the skin's hydration levels and protects against environmental stressors with its antioxidant properties. Punica Granatum Sterols hydrates the skin by acting as an emollient, which helps soften and smooth the skin's appearance and acts as an occlusive, which helps prevent moisture evaporation from the skin, trapping in moisture, increasing hydration levels.
PVM/MA Copolymer PVM/MA Copolymer is a synthetic ingredient that performs as a film-former, which helps keep ingredients on the skin. PVM/MA Copolymer also has adhesive qualities that enhance the application process of a product. PVM/MA Copolymer also helps stabilize emulsions to ensure the quality of a product.
Pyrus Malus (Apple) Fruit Extract Pyrus Malus (Apple) Fruit Extract is a plant-sourced ingredient from the apple tree, Pyrus Malus. Originally from Central Asia, the apple trees are now widely cultivated. Pyrus Malus (Apple) Fruit Extract is a source of polysaccharides, sodium lactate, sodium PCA, proteins, other sugars, and various vitamins. These components have moisturizing properties that restore suppleness to the skin. Pyrus Malus (Apple) Fruit Extract contains an alpha hydroxy acid (AHA), which can help provide skin exfoliation, improving the skin's appearance by evening the skin tone and texture, making the skin look more radiant. Pyrus Malus (Apple) Fruit Extract has antioxidants that scavenge free radicals that could damage the skin.

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Rhaponticum Carthamoides Root Extract Rhaponticum Carthamoides Root Extract grows in the sub-alpine zone as well as alpine meadows. This sturdy oligotroph—an organism that can live in an environment with very low levels of nutrients—is also a rich source of phytoecdysteroids, which help it remain resilient to its environment.
Rhodiola Rosea Extract Rhodiola Rosea (Arctic Root), an oligotroph—plants that have adapted to live in environments with little to no nutrition in the soil—efficiently pulls the nutrients from the soil, reducing its nutrient consumption stores the nutrients it gets during certain times of the year. Rhodiola grows mostly on sea cliffs and mountains at high altitudes in the arctic regions of the world.
Ribes Nigrum (Black Currant) Seed Oil Ribes Nigrum (Black Currant) Seed Oil is sourced from the black currant plant. Black currant is a woody shrub that is native to central and northern Europe and northern Asia. Grown for its berries, Ribes Nigrum (Black Currant) Seed Oil is rich in antioxidant compounds that can help protect the skin from free radicals. Ribes Nigrum (Black Currant) Seed Oil is also a skin-conditioning agent that enhances skin appearance and hydration, leaving it visibly soft, smooth, and pliable.
Rosmarinus Officinalis (Rosemary) Leaf Extract Rosmarinus Officinalis (Rosemary) Leaf Extract is sourced from the rosemary plant. Rosemary is an evergreen shrub native to the Mediterranean region and is now widely cultivated. Rosmarinus Officinalis (Rosemary) Leaf Extract has antioxidant properties. This fragrance ingredient also conditions the skin, which results in better-looking skin.
Rubus Chamaemorus Seed Oil Rubus Chamaemorus Seed Oil is sourced from the Rubus Chamaemorus plant. Rubus Chamaemorus is a rhizomatous herb found in northern Europe, Canada, and the northern United States. Rich in vitamin E, Rubus Chamaemorus Seed Oil has antioxidant properties and is used as a skin-conditioning agent, resulting in an overall improvement in its appearance.

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Saccharide Isomerate Saccharide Isomerate is an ingredient sourced from plants or synthetically. As a humectant that conditions the skin, Saccharide Isomerate helps bind water to provide lasting moisturization. The extra hydration provided by Saccharide Isomerate results in youthful-looking, smooth, silky skin.
Salicylic Acid Salicylic Acid is a synthetic ingredient that does occur naturally in the bark of willow trees and other plants. A beta-hydroxy acid (BHA), Salicylic Acid exfoliates the skin to smooth out rough textures and is widely known for its anti-acne properties. Salicylic Acid clears out pores and accelerates skin turnover. As a skin-conditioning agent, Salicylic Acid restores skin to a smooth and more radiant appearance.
Sea Salt Sea Salt is a mineral ingredient. Sea Salt conditions the skin by increasing the top layers of skin's water content and is an exfoliator. As a humectant, Sea Salt will help hydrate the skin, improve the appearance, and can increase the skin's radiance. Sea Salt helps remove dead skin cell build-up, minimizing pores' appearance and leaves the skin smoother to the touch. Because Sea Salt contains magnesium, calcium, sodium, and potassium, these minerals are readily available to the skin when using Sea Salt.
Sea Water Sea Water is a humectant that draws water to the skin to moisturize, condition, and restore suppleness. Also used as a solvent, Sea Water is often used in formulas to incorporate other ingredients.
Selaginella Lepidophylla Extract Selaginella Lepidophylla Extract, known as Resurrection Plant, thrives in environments notorious for low water activity. Oxidative stress—an imbalance between free radicals and antioxidants—triggers the production of the plant's moisture-retentive system, which is comprised of polysaccharides, enzymes, stress response proteins, and polyphenols. These compounds work together to protect and repair the plant—plus, keep it hydrated during droughts.
Serine Although Serine can be sourced from animals, Nu Skin chooses to use a synthetic source. Serine is a moisturizing, non-essential amino acid that binds to water. Hydrating the skin can reduce the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles. As a skin conditioning agent, Serine enhances the appearance of dry or damaged skin by reducing flakiness and restoring suppleness. Serine is also a great hair-conditioning ingredient.
Silica Silica is an ingredient from plants or synthetically. A multipurpose ingredient, Silica is an abrasive, absorbent, anticaking agent, and dispersing agent. Composed of silicon and oxygen, Silica is made of spherical particles that prevent light reflection and increase spreadability. Silica is a porous material that helps fragrances have a long-lasting scent.
Simmondsia Chinensis (Jojoba) Seed Oil Simmondsia Chinensis (Jojoba) Seed Oil is a plant ingredient. The plant Simmondsia Chinensis is an evergreen shrub native to the southwestern United States and Mexico. Simmondsia Chinensis (Jojoba) Seed Oil is a gentle moisturizer that holds moisture to the skin. Simmondsia Chinensis (Jojoba) Seed Oil leaves the skin silky and luxurious.
Sodium Acrylate/Sodium Acryloyldimethyl Taurate Copolymer Sodium Acrylate/Sodium Acryloyldimethyl Taurate Copolymer is a synthetic ingredient that combines oil and water components in a formula. Sodium Acrylate/Sodium Acryloyldimethyl Taurate Copolymer creates a non-tacky gel consistency, which leaves the skin feeling soft and silky.
Sodium Acetylated Hyaluronate Although Sodium Acetylated Hyaluronate can be sourced from animals, Nu Skin chooses to source this only synthetically. This ingredient has high water retention, so its primary role is as a humectant. Sodium Acetylated Hyaluronate's affinity for water can have long-lasting hydration for the skin. This process helps moisturize the skin, improve visible skin elasticity, replenish moisture, and reduce the appearance of fine lines. Sodium Acetylated Hyaluronate has a non-sticky feel on the skin surface.
Sodium Acrylates Copolymer Sodium Acrylates Copolymer is a synthetic ingredient. This ingredient provides the role of a film-former and viscosity increasing agent in formulations. Sodium Acrylates Copolymer enhances the touch-feel of a product and creates a non-tacky gel texture.
Sodium Behenoyl Lactylate Although Sodium Behenoyl Lactylate can be sourced from animals, Nu Skin chooses to source this ingredient solely from plants or synthetically. Because Sodium Behenoyl Lactylate is an emulsifier, it helps stabilize formulas.
Sodium Benzoate Sodium Benzoate is a synthetic ingredien generally used as a formula preservative to help ensure shelf life. This ingredient helps prevent the growth of bacteria and mold.
Sodium Carrageenan Sodium Carrageenan is sourced from the red seaweed plant or synthetically. Sodium Carrageenan is full of minerals and vitamins and has antioxidant properties. Sodium Carrageenan stabilizes a formula by increases the viscosity of aqueous ingredients.
Sodium Chloride Sodium Chloride is a synthetic ingredient. It is mainly used to increase the cleansing system's viscosity. It can also stabilize lotion and cream emulsions.
Sodium Cocoyl Alaninate Sodium Cocoyl Alaninate is sourced from plants and synthetically. This ingredient can be sourced from palm oil. To make sure it is sourced sustainably, Nu Skin works with reputable suppliers who are members of the Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO). Used as a cleansing agent, Sodium Cocoyl Alaninate helps remove excess oil and cleans pores without stripping the skin of moisture. It is also a hair conditioning ingredient that helps improve the appearance and feel of hair.
Sodium Cocoyl Glycinate Sodium Cocoyl Glycinate can be sourced from animal origins, but Nu Skin chooses to use sources derived from plants or synthetic origin.
Caprylic/Capric/Myristic/Stearic Triglyceride can be sourced from palm oil, and to make sure it is sourced sustainably, Nu Skin works with reputable suppliers who are members of the Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO). Considered to be a gentle cleanser, Sodium Cocoyl Glycinate mildly washes away dirt and oils without stripping its natural oils' skin or hair. Sodium Cocoyl Glycinate conditions the hair, improving its texture and suppleness.
Sodium Dehydroacetate Sodium Dehydroacetate is a synthetic preservative in formulas. This preservative is odorless and helps inhibit the growth of microorganisms. Sodium Dehydroacetate's ability to kill microorganisms protects products to ensure their shelf life.
Sodium Gluconate Sodium Gluconate is a synthetic ingredient that has skin-conditioning benefits. The primary function of Sodium Gluconate is to be a chelator by neutralizing metal ions in a formula that would cause stability issues. Sodium Gluconate conditions the skin to help improve the appearance of dry skin.
Sodium Hyaluronate Although Sodium Hyaluronate can be sourced from animals, Nu Skin chooses sources from plants, synthetic, bacteria, fungi, or other single-cell organisms. Mainly used as a skin-conditioning agent, Sodium Hyaluronate has been used since the 1930s to hydrate the skin. Sodium Hyaluronate is the salt of hyaluronic acid and is readily available to the skin. The ingredient draws water to the skin, resulting in multiple benefits that will improve the skin's overall appearance, including smoothness, softness, radiance, and hydration.
Sodium Hydroxide Sodium Hydroxide is a synthetic ingredient. Sodium Hydroxide's primary purpose is to adjust the pH to ensure the correct pH range for different formula categories.
Sodium Lactate Although Sodium Lactate can be sourced from animals, Nu Skin chooses to source it synthetically. Sodium Lactate is derived by fermenting sugars and neutralizing the lactic acid. Depending on the formulation, Sodium Lactates provides moisturization and/or gentle exfoliation, improving its texture and appearance. Sodium Lactate conditions the skin as a humectant, which can help temporarily decrease the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles.
Sodium PCA Sodium PCA is the salt of pyrrolidone carbonic acid and is a synthetic ingredient. Naturally, PCA is part of the skin's moisturizing complex, so when Sodium PCA is applied topically, it can mimic the skin's natural PCA and restore hydration to the skin, resulting in the skin looking more firm, smooth, and supple. Sodium PCA can absorb moisture from the air to deliver added hair- conditioning benefits, including improved hair volume, sheen, and texture.
Sodium Phytate Sodium Phytate is a synthetic chelating agent, which means Sodium Phytate supports the preservative system of a product and neutralizes metal ions in a formula that would cause stability issues. Sodium Phytate is the salt of phytic acid.
Sodium Polyacrylate Sodium Polyacrylate can be sourced from plant or synthetic origin. This ingredient can be sourced from palm oil, and to make sure it is sourced sustainably, Nu Skin works with reputable suppliers who are members of the Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO). As a viscosity increasing agent, Sodium Polyacrylate makes the aqueous portion of a formula thicker to enhance product consistency. Sodium Polyacrylate also stabilizes a formula by working as an emulsifier. It also acts as an emollient, leaving the skin soft and smooth to the touch.
Sodium Stearoyl Glutamate Sodium Stearoyl Glutamate can be sourced from animal origins, but Nu Skin chooses to use sources derived from plants or synthetic origin. Sodium Stearoyl Glutamate can be sourced from palm oil, and to make sure it is sourced sustainably, Nu Skin works with reputable suppliers who are members of the Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO). Sodium Stearoyl Glutamate is an amino-acid based emulsifier and cleansing agent. As an emulsifier, it helps stabilize formulas. As a cleansing agent, this ingredient helps rid the skin of dirt, pollutants, and makeup. Sodium Stearoyl Glutamate is a gentle cleanser that also conditions the skin and hair.
Solanum Melongena (Eggplant) Fruit Extract Solanum Melongena (Eggplant) Fruit Extract is a plant-based ingredient from the eggplant. The eggplant originated in Africa and migrated to the Middle East and Asia, where it is widely cultivated. Solanum Melongena (Eggplant) Fruit Extract is an excellent source of polyphenols giving it antioxidant benefits. It is also a natural colorant in formulas.
Stearic Acid Stearic Acid can be sourced from animal origins, but Nu Skin chooses to use sources derived from plants or synthetic origin. Stearic Acid can be sourced from palm oil, and to make sure it is sourced sustainably, Nu Skin works with reputable suppliers who are members of the Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO). Stearic Acid is an emulsifier that helps stabilize formulas.
Stearyl Alcohol Stearyl Alcohol can be sourced from animal origins, but Nu Skin chooses to use sources derived from plants or synthetic origin. Stearyl Alcohol can be sourced from palm oil, and to make sure it is sourced sustainably, Nu Skin works with reputable suppliers who are members of the Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO). Stearyl Alcohol increases the viscosity and stability of a formula.
Stearyl Dimethicone Stearyl Dimethicone can be sourced from animal origins, but Nu Skin chooses to use sources derived from plants or synthetic origin. Stearyl Dimethicone can be sourced from palm oil, and to make sure it is sourced sustainably, Nu Skin works with reputable suppliers who are members of the Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO). Stearyl Dimethicone creates a barrier on the skin to prevent evaporation, which keeps the skin hydrated and helps decrease the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles. The skin-conditioning agent gives skin a silky touch.

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Tetrahexyldecyl Ascorbate Tetrahexyldecyl Ascorbate is sourced from plants and synthetically. A stable, powerful, lipid-soluble source of Vitamin C, Tetrahexyldecyl Ascorbate is well-known to inhibit a key component of the discoloration process. Other important characteristics of Tetrahexyldecyl Ascorbate include visible youth-renewing benefits for reducing the appearance of lines, wrinkles, and protecting against free radical damage.
Tetrasodium Glutamate Diacetate Tetrasodium Glutamate Diacetate is a synthetic chelating agent that supports the preservative system of a product, which means Tetrasodium Glutamate Diacetate prevents the deterioration of products because it inactivates metallic ions that would negatively impact the formula.
Threonine Although Threonine can be sourced from animal origins, Nu Skin chooses to use synthetically derived sources. Threonine is an amino acid that binds moisture to increase skin hydration. Threonine additionally provides hair conditioning benefits to improve the appearance and feel of hair.
Titanium Dioxide (CI 77891) Titanium Dioxide (CI 77891) is a naturally occurring mineral, but Nu Skin only sources this ingredient synthetically. Titanium Dioxide (CI 77891) is a physical sunscreen agent, which means this ingredient reflects the UV light away from the skin surface. Titanium Dioxide (CI 77891) is also known as a colorant in products. Titanium Dioxide (CI 77891) is an effective opacifier.
Tocopherol (Vitamin E) Tocopherol can be sourced from plant or synthetic origin. This ingredient can be sourced from palm oil, and to make sure it is sourced sustainably, Nu Skin works with reputable suppliers who are members of the Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO). One of the most potent antioxidants, Tocopherol is commonly known as vitamin E. Tocopherol protects the skin from free radicals and harsh environmental factors, including the sun, wind, and cold. Tocopherol nourishes, softens, and moisturizes the skin.
Tocopheryl Acetate Tocopheryl Acetate can be sourced from plant or synthetic origin. This ingredient can be sourced from palm oil, and to make sure it is sourced sustainably, Nu Skin works with reputable suppliers who are members of the Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO). An alternative to Tocopherol, Tocopheryl Acetate is the ester of acetic acid and Tocopherol. This form of vitamin E is used in part because it is very stable. Tocopheryl Acetate has many beneficial antioxidant effects. Tocopheryl Acetate enhances the appearance of dry or damaged skin by reducing flaking and restoring suppleness.
Trehalose Trehalose is a plant-sourced ingredient. This sugar is a humectant, which means it has water-binding properties to hydrate the skin, resulting in its improved appearance.
Triacontanyl PVP Triacontanyl PVP is a synthetic ingredient that forms a film on the skin surface. Triacontanyl PVP helps evenly spread active ingredients like sunscreens agents on the skin. Triacontanyl PVP also increases the viscosity of the nonaqueous portion of the formula.
Trisodium Ethylenediamine Disuccinate Trisodium Ethylenediamine Disuccinate is a synthetic chelating agent that supports the preservative system of a product, which means Trisodium Ethylenediamine Disuccinate prevents the deterioration of products because it inactivates metallic ions that would negatively impact the formula.
Tromethamine Tromethamine is a synthetic ingredient that functions as a pH adjuster. Tromethamine helps to adjust the pH of a formula to ensure the correct pH range for different formula categories.

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Urea Urea is a synthetic ingredient that provides great moisturization. This ingredient exfoliates the skin by removing build-up and can act as a buffering agent. Urea increases the water content on the skin and helps maintain a barrier to provide protection and soothing qualities. This humectant helps keep the skin feeling smooth and reduces flaking. Urea provides a supple appearance with continued use.

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Valine Although Valine can be sourced from animal origins, Nu Skin chooses to use sources it synthetically. Valine is an essential amino acid that primarily functions as a skin- and hair-conditioning agent. This ingredient helps to improve the appearance of skin by reducing flakiness and increasing suppleness. Valine can also improve the appearance and feel of hair.

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Water (Aqua) Water (Aqua) is used as a solvent in many formulations. Water (Aqua) is essential in making many other ingredients available to a formula. Manufacturers of products generally use distilled water to ensure that it is free of toxins, pollutants, and microbes.

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Xanthan Gum Xanthan Gum is sourced from bacteria, fungi, or other single-cell organisms. Produced by fermenting glucose, sucrose, or lactose, Xanthan Gum increases the aqueous portion of a formula's viscosity. A multipurpose ingredient, Xanthan Gum retains water well and emulsifies a formula. Xanthan Gum is a polysaccharide that can increase skin moisturization. Being a stable ingredient, Xanthan Gum is often used for its many benefits it brings to a product to help the skin look supple and feel smooth.

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Zingiber Officinale (Ginger) Root Extract Zingiber Officinale (Ginger) Root Extract is sourced from the ginger plant. Ginger is native to India and is now widely cultivated across the world. Zingiber Officinale (Ginger) Root Extract is an antioxidant that helps reduce environmental stress caused by free radicals. Zingiber Officinale (Ginger) Root Extract also conditions the skin to reduce flaking and restore skin to a smooth, soft state.